The strawberry plant is actually a relative of the rose, hailing from the Rosaceae family, in the genus Fragaria. Strawberries are fun to grow because the plants produce many times their own weight in juicy strawberries.  Strawberries begin to ripen approximately 4 weeks after the first flowers open. As the top 10cm of soil harbor most of a strawberry plant’s roots, they are particularly susceptible to drought if the top soil in the container gets too dry. The productive part of a strawberry plant is the crown. It is from the crown that strawberry plants produce both runners (called stolons) and flowering fruit stalks which produces the fruit. Off-shoot plants are supported by the runners until their roots are in contact with soil. From there, the shoot establishes an independent root system and the runner will shrivel and separate from the mother plant. The most commonly grown commercial strawberry species is the Fragaria x ananassa, Garden Strawberry.

The Basic Strawberry Types

  • June-bearing Strawberry– June bearers are the most common and produce the largest strawberries. As the name implies, June bearing strawberry plants produce a fruit around the month of June in northern climates.

  • Everbearing Strawberrys– Everbearing strawberry varieties actually do not produce all the time as the name implies. However they do produce twice or three times during the changing seasons in northern climates. Everbearing strawberry varieties produce less or no runners, unlike the June bearing varieties.

  • Day-neutral Strawberrys– Unlike June bearing varieties, day neutral strawberries will produce a good yield in the first year they are planted. They flower and set strawberries whenever the temperature is between 35 and 85 degrees F’. The drawback to day neutral strawberry plants is that they produce smaller strawberries than do the June bearing and Everbearing strawberry varieties. Their fruit is usually small to medium in size, rarely exceeding one inch.

  • Alpine Strawberry– The Scientific taxonomy name is Fragaria vesca, and goes byvarious common names beside the most used name ‘Alpine”. It is also called wild strawberry, woodland strawberry,  European strawberry, or fraise des bois.