I have been told that their are only two types of hot peppers, ones that are very hot and ones that incapacitate. Besides the feelings of ecstasy of pain, the big difference between very hot and  incapacitating is in the inherent chemical quantity of capsaicin the fruit contains. So if your one of the many masochists who just love the hurt, then get a 1,000,000 Scoville Unit rating hot pepper and have some fun. No matter how hot, no matter how much you yell out load, the capsaicin will not send you to the hospital. Capsaicin has absolutely no lasting harmful effects. It just feels that way.

Hot Pepper And Scoville Units

Peppers, be it sweet or hot, belong to the genus Capsicum. Unlike sweet peppers, hot varieties contain a highly pungent substance called capsaicin. There are more than 300 varieties of capsicum pepper types. Capsaicin is a chemical compound that stimulates chemoreceptor nerve endings in the skin, especially the mucous membranes.  Capsaicin is measured in Scoville Units. The scale is named after its creator, American pharmacist Wilbur Scoville. His method, devised in 1912, is known as the Scoville Organoleptic Test. In Scoville’s method, a measured amount of alcohol extract of the capsaicin oil of the dried pepper is produced, after which a solution of sugar and water is added incrementally until the “heat” is just barely detectable by a panel of 5 tasters; the degree of dilution gives its measure on the Scoville scale. A Scoville Unit pepper of 1,000,000 has been reached. Every year a pepper person comes along with an even hotter fruit than the year before.

 Go to the Sweet Pepper List          Go to the Ornamental Pepper List

Below- category holding all the hot pepper varietals. Read, try and cry!