Black Pearl Pepper’s scientific name is Capsicum annuum longum. It is the blackest pepper ever hybridized. It was developed by arboretum Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit scientists Rob Griesbach and John Stommel of the Agricultural Research Service’s Vegetable Laboratory. Black Pearl is compact, bushy, hot pepper grown for its ornamental beauty more than it’s taste. It is heat tolerant and wants to be planted in the full sun. The pepper grows vigorously 12 to 18 inches tall with approximately the same width. It sets masses of 2cm small round ‘pearl shaped’ pods, which ripens from black to a rich, deep red. Black Pearl’s leaves will start out green but will turn black as soon as they hit full sun. It is considered an annual, which means it typically only grows best for a single growing season, however you can bring it into a second year. In 2006, she was the All-America Selections, Flower Award winner. It was the talk of the competition.